This website provides various information and resources about STDs—sexually transmitted diseases, diseases that spread through sexual contact with someone who already had one. In recent years, experts in this area of public health have also suggested replacing STD with another term—sexually transmitted infection, or STI.
How can I get an STD?
You can get a sexually transmitted disease from sexual activities that involves sexual contact through several body parts like penis, vagina, anus, or mouth.
What are the symptoms of STDs?
Usually, there might be no symptoms at all. Medically speaking, only when infections cause symptoms that they are called “diseases”, explaining why the term STD is suggested to be replaced by STI—sexually transmitted infection.
If symptoms are present, they may include (but are not limited to) one or more of the following:
- Pain and burning when urinating.
- Swollen testicles.
- Sores, or warts near the area of penis, vagina, anus, or mouth.
- Weight loss, loose stools, night sweats.
- Severe aches, pains, fever, and chills.
- Bleeding from the vagina outside the monthly period.
- Itching near the penis or vagina.
- Painful sex.
Can STDs be treated?
Generally, STDs caused by bacteria can be treated and often cured, while STDs caused by viruses can only be controlled, but not cured. Fortunately, when diagnosed and treated early, many STDs can be treated or controlled effectively.
Good news is, you can still have a fulfilling sex life even if you have STD, even though it may be more complicated and more caution is needed after diagnosis.